Code Development Process
- Current Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Bison (2001) • Factsheet
- Media Release Review of Canada’s Bison Code of Practice has begun • Feb 2015
|Code revision initiated||December 2014|
|Estimated public comment period||Fall 2016|
|Estimated Code release date||Fall 2017|
Code Development Progress
The process for updating the Code of Practice for bison began December 2014, using the NFACC Code development process. The Canadian Bison Association initiated the review.
Priority Welfare Issues List
The priority welfare issues are topics that are considered to be important for animal welfare and that will particularly benefit from a review of the available scientific literature.
The Scientific Committee (SC) and Code Development Committee (CDC) collectively identified the priority welfare issues list at their inaugural meeting in March 2015. The SC will undertake a review of the scientific research on these priority issues and develop a report synthesizing/summarizing the research. The SC will also identify gaps that would benefit from further research. See full SC Terms of Reference.
The CDC will use the SC report to develop requirements and recommendations around the priority welfare issues. Other topics not on the final priority welfare issues list but that are important to animal welfare will still be included in the Code.
Following is the priority welfare issues list for the bison Code update:
- How does seasonality affect the nutritional requirements of bison (i.e., specifically heifers)?
- including minerals
- Appropriate euthanasia/slaughter on farm (including field harvest)
- Understanding bison behaviour, specifically males, females, young. Body language
- Including requirements for wallowing and rubbing
- Including requirements (for needing / not needing) bedding, shade, wind protection
- Recognizing and identifying pain
- When to intervene?
- What is a painful process for bison?
- Semen collection: is there pain associated with different methods?
Bison Code Development Committee
|Code secretary||Jeffrey Spooner|
|Producer||Mark Silzer (Chair)|
|Animal welfare organization||Kaley Pugh|
|Animal welfare regulatory enforcement body||Terry Whiting|
|Retail and food service organization||Requested but not filled|
|Agriculture Canada and/or CFIA||Sarah Johannson|
|Researcher / academic||John Church|
|Technical expertise||Jayson Galbraith|
|Industry liaison (ex-officio)||Terry Kremeniuk|
Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Guiding Principles for Codes of Practice.
Bison Code Scientific Committee
- John Church
- Rob McCorkell
- Jayson Galbraith
- Fiona Lang (Research Writer)
Funding for this project has been provided through the AgriMarketing Program under Growing Forward 2, a federal–provincial–territorial initiative.