Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders

Code revision initiatedOct 2011
Estimated public comment periodOctober - December 2015
Estimated Code release dateJune 2016

Code Development Progress

The process for updating the Code of Practice for chickens, turkeys and breeders began October 2011, using the NFACC Code development process. The Turkey Farmers of Canada, Chicken Farmers of Canada, Canadian Hatching Egg Producers and Canadian Poultry and Egg Processors Council initiated the review.

Priority Welfare Issues List

The priority welfare issues are species specific, manageable topics that are considered to be important for animal welfare and will particularly benefit from a review of the available scientific literature.

The Scientific Committees (SC) and delegates from sectors that will be represented on the future CDC collectively identified the priority welfare issues list. The SC is reviewing the scientific literature for each priority welfare issue and will be developing a report synthesizing the research results, summarizing the consensus (if any), and identifying any gaps requiring further research. See full SC Terms of Reference.

The CDC will use the SC report to develop requirements and recommendations around the priority welfare issues.

Following is the priority welfare issues list for the Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders Code update:

  • Air and litter quality (broilers, broiler breeders, turkeys)
  • Lighting regimens (broilers, turkeys)
  • Stocking density (broilers, broiler breeders, turkeys)
  • Lameness (broilers, broiler breeders, turkeys)
  • Methods of euthanasia (all, including unhatched eggs)
  • Aggression (broiler breeders – males)
  • Feather-pecking and cannibalism (broiler breeders, turkeys)


  1. Free-range, organic and alternative systems will be considered within each PWI.
  2. Other welfare topics for the species will be covered by the CDC. The priority welfare issue list is comprised of issues that would particularly benefit from a review of the available scientific literature.


Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders Code Development Committee

Role Committee Member
Code secretary Betsy Sharples
Producer Vernon Froese (Chair)
  Dean Penner
  Henk van Steenbergen
  Rudy Martinka
  Cynthia Philippe
  Lori Ansems
  Bill Mailloux
Transporter Richard Mack
Veterinarian Pat Turner
Animal welfare organization Ian Duncan
Animal welfare regulatory enforcement body Penny Lawlis
Retail and food service organization Requested but position not filled
Processor Neil Ambrose
Agriculture Canada and/or CFIA Michelle Groleau
  Rejean Gaumond
Researcher / academic Karen Schwean-Lardner
Industry liaison (ex-officio) Jennifer Gardner
  Viki Sikur
  Sophie Neveux
  Nicolas Paillat
  Caroline Gonano

Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Code of Practice guidelines.

Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders Code Scientific Committee

  • Derek Anderson
  • Mike Petrik
  • Karen Schwean-Larder (Chair)
  • Stephanie Torrey
  • Tina Widowski
  • Brooke Aitkin (Research Writer)

Funding for this project has been provided through the AgriMarketing Program under Growing Forward 2, a federal–provincial–territorial initiative.

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