Codes Of Practice
Code Development Process
Codes of Practice for the care and handling of farm animals
The Codes of Practice are nationally developed guidelines for the care and handling of farm animals. The Codes serve as our national understanding of animal care requirements and recommended best practices.
NFACC and the Codes
Canada’s Code development process is led by NFACC. Key components of the process are:
- the inclusion of scientific committees to review research on priority welfare issues;
- ownership of the individual Codes by the relevant stakeholders through their active participation in developing the Code;
- measurable components to facilitate the development of assessment programs; and
- a transparent process.
Science- and consensus-based commitment
The Code Development Committee and the Scientific Committee work together to develop a science- and consensus-based Code. The result is a Code that is scientifically informed, practical, and reflects societal expectations for responsible farm animal care.
NFACC’s Code development process ensures credibility through
scientific rigour, stakeholder collaboration and a consistent approach.
Collaborative approach to Code development
Broad representation and expertise on each Code Development Committee ensures collaborative Code development. The Code development process fosters relationships and understanding amongst all partners involved in farmed animal care.
Stakeholder commitment is key to ensure quality animal care standards are established and implemented. Stakeholders include farmers/producers, transporters, veterinarians, animal welfare and enforcement agencies, retail and food service organizations, processors, governments and researchers.
NFACC Code Development Process
The development of new Codes and Code revisions follow specific steps that are designed to make the process transparent, collaborative, science and consensus-based, and participative. Click here to view the steps and the Code development timeline.
Credible guidelines on animal welfare
Codes of Practice are intended to promote sound management and welfare practices through recommendations and requirements for housing, care, transportation, processing and other animal husbandry practices. Codes serve as educational tools, reference materials for regulations, and the foundation for animal care assessment programs.
Recommended best practices strive for continuous improvement and encourage a higher level of care. Requirements refer to either a regulatory requirement, or an industry-imposed expectation for responsible farm animal care and welfare.
Stakeholder participation is critical for animal welfare
to be addressed in a sustainable manner.
Resources and links
- Brochure on the Code development process
- Role of the Scientific Committee in Code development
- Code development timeline
- Development Process for Codes of Practice
Code of Practice updates initiated from 2010 to 2013 are part of the project:
Addressing Domestic and International Market Expectations Relative to Farm Animal Welfare
– a project possible through Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Agri-Flexibility program funding.