Veal Cattle

Code revision initiatedDecember 2014
Public comment periodDecember 12 - February 14, 2017
Estimated Code release dateNovember 27, 2017

Code Development Progress

The process for updating the Code of Practice for veal cattle began December 2014, using the NFACC Code development process. The Canadian Veal Association initiated the review.

Priority Welfare Issues List

The priority welfare issues are topics that are considered to be important for animal welfare and that will particularly benefit from a review of the available scientific literature.

The Scientific Committee (SC) and Code Development Committee (CDC) collectively identified the priority welfare issues list at their inaugural meeting in March 2015. The SC will undertake a review of the scientific research on these priority issues and develop a report synthesizing/summarizing the research. The SC will also identify gaps that would benefit from further research. See full SC Terms of Reference.

The CDC will use the SC report to develop requirements and recommendations around the priority welfare issues. Other topics not on the final priority welfare issues list but that are important to animal welfare will still be included in the Code.

Following is the priority welfare issues list for the veal cattle Code update:

  • Housing/Facilities
    • Flooring and bedding
    • Comparison of the welfare implications of rearing veal cattle in stall, tether and group housing systems
    • Optimum management strategies for group housed veal cattle
      • Group size
      • Space allowance
      • Method of introduction and removal of animals
      • Age at introduction
      • Disease 
  • Fibre
    • Health and behavioural benefits of fibre
    • Effective ways of providing fibre
      • Type
      • Age/when to supply roughage
      • Amounts, including minimum daily requirements
  • Risk factors for abomasal damage
  • Milk feeding
    • Frequency
    • Minimum daily requirements
    • Satisfying the motivation to suck
  • Optimal management strategies to reduce the risk of welfare issues associated with iron deficiency anaemia


Code Development Committee

Role Committee Member
Code secretary Caroline Ramsay
Producers Robert Wynands (Chair)
  Brian Keunen
  Éric Chevrette
  Ron Maynard
  Jurian Bartelse
Transporter Requested but position not filled 
Veterinarian David Renaud
Animal welfare organization Jeff Rushen
Animal welfare regulatory enforcement body Mike Draper
Retail and food service organization Carole Fortin
Processor Annie Dubuc
Agriculture Canada and/or CFIA Julie Dawson
  Geneviève Bénard
Researcher / academic Michael Cockram
  Anne Marie de Passillé
Technical Expertise Kendra Keels
  Hélène Trépanier
  Nathalie Côté
Industry liaison (ex-officio) Jennifer Haley
  Kendra Keels
Special advisor (beef sector) Brady Stadnicki

Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Guiding Principles for Codes of Practice.

Scientific Committee

  • Anne Marie de Passillé
  • Argenis Rodas-Gonzalez
  • Derek Haley
  • Michael Cockram
  • Fernando Borderas (Research Writer)

Funding for this project has been provided through the AgriMarketing Program under Growing Forward 2, a federal–provincial–territorial initiative.

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