Dairy Cattle

CODE UNDER REVISION

CURRENT DAIRY CODE (2009)

CODE DEVELOPMENT TIMELINE

Start: January 2019
Public comment period: October 2020 to January 2021
Projected completion: Fall 2021 
Code development timeline

Resources:

Committees

Code Development Committee members

Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Guiding Principles for Codes of Practice. 

Role

Committee Member

Organization  

Code Manager

Caroline Ramsay

 

Producer 

David Wiens (Chair)

Dairy Farmers of Canada

Producer 

Dave Taylor

Dairy Farmers of Canada

Producer 

Yvan Bastien

Dairy Farmers of Canada

Producer 

Steve Runnalls

Dairy Farmers of Canada

Producer

Gerrit Damsteegt

Dairy Farmers of Canada

Transporter

Several representatives with knowledge and expertise will serve in this capacity. DFC requested a transportation representative, but the position was not filled. 

Veterinarian

Dr. Kelly BarrattCanadian Veterinary Medical Association

National animal welfare association

Dr. Jeff Rushen

Humane Canada

Provincial animal protection enforcement authority

Mike Draper

Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Provincial government representative with responsibilities in animal welfare

Dr. Jane Pritchard

British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture

Retail and food service organization

Sandra Hamilton

Retail Council of Canada (Costco)

Processor

Olivier Beaulieu-Charbonneau

Dairy Processors Association of Canada

Federal government   

Lucille McFadden

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Researcher/academic 

Trevor DeVries

Co-Chairs of the Scientific Committee

 

Elsa Vasseur

Co-Chairs of the Scientific Committee

Technical Expert

Steve AdamValacta

Program implementation expert

Chantal FleuryLes Producteurs de lait du Québec
Program implementation expertMaria LealDairy Farmers of Ontario
Allied industry representativeBrian KeunenCanadian Veal Association
Allied industry representativeKirk JacksonCanadian Cattlemen’s Association

Scientific Committee members 

Name

Named by

Dan Weary, D.Phil

Canadian Society of Animal Science (CSAS)

Elsa Vasseur, PhD (Co-Chair)

International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) (Canadian chapter) 

Trevor DeVries, PhD (Co-Chair)

International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) (Canadian chapter)

Charlotte Winder, DVM, DVSc

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA) 

Todd Duffield, DVM, DVSc

Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA)

Steve Mason, PhD

Research Writer

 

Priority welfare issues for the Scientific Committee report

The Code Development Committee and Scientific Committee collectively identified the following list of priority welfare issues. The Scientific Committee is developing a report synthesizing the results of research relating to these animal welfare issues.

Cow-calf separation

  • effects of immediate or delayed separation
  • optimal approaches to separation  

Optimal management and design of indoor systems as it relates to

  • stall design
  • bedding
  • exercise
  • spatial allowance/stocking density, including impact on social interactions
  • air quality and temperature (for calves and cows)
  • outdoor access (pasture and alternatives)

Pain control for painful conditions and procedures

  • main principles
  • mastitis, metritis, diarrhea, and dystocia
  • pain associated with caustic paste disbudding
  • surgical and post surgical

Lameness and injuries

  • risk factors
  • prevention strategies
  • early identification and treatment, including pain control
  • understanding farm-level barriers to reducing occurrence

End-of-life management (culling, euthanasia, and fitness for transport)

  • prognosis and decision-making for vulnerable cows
  • nursing care for down cows
  • link to dry off and culling

Dairy Code of Practice PDFCURRENT CODE

The current Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Dairy Cattle was released in 2009.

There are various ways to view the Code: the full HTML version, the PDF version (1.3 MB) or select from the Table of Content below. 

There are a limited number of hard copies of this Code. NFACC encourages use of the electronic version and does not store hard copies. If hard copies are required, please contact Dairy Farmers of Canada.

Other Resources


Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Section 1 Accommodation, Housing, and Handling Facilities
Section 2 Feed and Water
Section 3 Health and Welfare Management
Section 4 Husbandry Practices
Section 5 Transportation
Section 6 Euthanasia
References
Appendices
Appendix A- Assembly Yards and Sales Yards
Appendix B- Temperature - Humidity Index Table
Appendix C- Flowchart for Evaluating Free Stalls
Appendix D- Flowchart for Evaluating Tie Stalls
Appendix E- Body Condition Scoring Chart
Appendix F- Gait Scoring System for Dairy Cows
Appendix G- Guidelines for Dealing with Compromised Cattle
Appendix H- Should this Animal be Loaded?
Appendix I- Livestock Transport Consignment Form
Appendix J- Euthanasia of Cattle
Appendix K- Resources for Further Information
Appendix L- Participants

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