Sheep Code of Practice


The Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Sheep was released in 2013. The sheep Code’s 5-year review was delayed but completed in 2020, and the outcome of that review can be found here. An update to the sheep Code was initiated in 2023.

Please note that content in the transportation section of this Code, along with additional transportation-related content (e.g., glossary terms) that had referenced or reflected the outdated version of Part XII (Transport of Animals) in the Health of Animal Regulations (HAR), or the now archived Compromised Animals Policy, has been updated to align with the amended regulations, which took effect on February 20, 2020. Hard copies of the Codes that were printed prior to this alignment will not include these updates. For clarity, Codes that have been updated will include a statement on the front cover that reads “Alignment with Part XII (Transport of Animals) of the Health of Animals Regulations: 2021”.

This update process was strictly aimed at revising existing text that no longer aligned with the amended HAR. Every effort was made to respect the original priorities and decisions of the Code Development Committee (e.g., text from the HAR was not added if it was not covered in the original Code). In case of a discrepancy between the hard copy and online version of a Code, the online version shall take precedence.

There are various ways to view the Code:

There are a limited number of hard copies of this Code. NFACC encourages use of the electronic version and does not store hard copies. If hard copies are required, please contact the Canadian Sheep Federation.

Other resources:

Table of Contents

Section 1 Environmental Conditions
Section 2 Facilities
Section 3 Feed and Water
Section 4 Health Management
Section 5 Husbandry Practices
Section 6 Transportation
Section 7 Euthanasia
Appendix A- Livestock Safety Index Chart
Appendix B- Body Condition Scoring
Appendix C- Accessing Veterinary Services
Appendix D
- Individual Examination and First Aid
Appendix E
- Understanding Sheep Behaviour
Appendix F
- Tail Docking
Appendix G
- Lambing and Neonatal Care
Appendix H
- Guidelines for Dealing with Compromised Sheep
Appendix I
- Livestock Transport Consignment Form
Appendix J- Signs of Pain in Sheep
Appendix K- Example of Decision Tree for Euthanasia
Appendix L- Euthanasia
Appendix M- Participants
Appendix N- Summary of Code Requirements

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