- Beef Cattle
- Chickens, Turkeys and Breeders
- Farmed Deer
- Farmed Fox
- Farmed Mink
- Farmed Salmonids
- Pullets and Laying Hens
- Veal Cattle
Code Development Process
The Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Pigs was released in 2014.
In March 2019 a Code Technical Panel was established to undertake the pig Code’s 5 year review.
The Code Technical Panel (CTP) also needed to address a requirement in Section 1.1.2 of the pig Code that stipulated “greater freedom of movement,” with suitable options being “clarified by the participating stakeholders by July 1, 2019, as informed by scientific evidence.” As such, the decision was made to combine the 5 year Code review process with the Code amendment process , given that an amendment to the pig Code was inevitable. The CTP therefore also served as a Code Amendment Committee with representation from all required participants.
The Five-Year Review Summary Report – Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Pigs, completed in August 2020 outlines the complexities of the issues deliberated by the CTP, the agreements and recommendations made (including proposed amendments to the pig Code), projections for group housing, and a detailed literature review of research priorities and gaps that were identified during the 2014 pig Code’s development. It is a broad summary of the work undertaken by the CTP and provides important context for the proposed amendments to the pig Code.
This is a substantial 137 page report. Hence, we’ve developed a “What You Need to Know” clickable document to highlight helpful details and aid in navigating the report.
Proposed amendments to the pig Code were open for a 60-day Public Comment Period (PCP) from September 21, 2020 – November 19, 2020. Subsequent to the public comment period, the Pig Code Amendment Committee has been unable to come to a full consensus on proposed amendments to the 2014 pig Code of Practice. NFACC’s Board has determined that the pig Code amendment will be temporarily set aside pending NFACC undertaking a full review of its governance processes.
The 2014 Code of Practice for the Care, Handling of Pigs and 2012 Scientific Committee report, and other related resources are below.
Code Amendment Committee members
Participants are defined as per NFACC’s Guiding Principles for Codes of Practice.
|Panel Chair||Susie Miller|
|Producer (Manitoba)||Claude Vielfaure||Canadian Pork Council|
|Producer (Ontario)||James Reesor||Canadian Pork Council|
|Producer (Quebec)||Yvan Fréchette||Canadian Pork Council|
|Producer (New Brunswick)||Hans Kristensen||Canadian Pork Council|
|Veterinarian||Dr. Egan Brockhoff|
|National animal welfare association||Geoff Urton||Humane Canada|
|Processor||Dr. Jorge Correa||Canadian Meat Council|
|Retail and food service organization||Andrew Telfer||Retail Council of Canada|
|Researcher/academic||Dr. Yolande Seddon||NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Swine Welfare, University of|
|Federal government||David Trus||Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada|
|Provincial government representative with responsibilities in animal welfare||Dr. Julie Nolin||Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Quebec|
Please note that content in the transportation section of this Code, along with additional transportation-related content (e.g., glossary terms) that had referenced or reflected the outdated version of Part XII (Transport of Animals) in the Health of Animal Regulations (HAR), or the now archived Compromised Animals Policy, has been updated to align with the amended regulations, which took effect on February 20, 2020. Hard copies of the Codes that were printed prior to this alignment will not include these updates. For clarity, Codes that have been updated will include a statement on the front cover that reads “Alignment with Part XII (Transport of Animals) of the Health of Animals Regulations: 2021”.
This update process was strictly aimed at revising existing text that no longer aligned with the amended HAR. Every effort was made to respect the original priorities and decisions of the Code Development Committee (e.g., text from the HAR was not added if it was not covered in the original Code). In case of a discrepancy between the hard copy and online version of a Code, the online version shall take precedence.
There are a limited number of hard copies of this Code. NFACC encourages use of the electronic version and does not store hard copies. If hard copies are required, please contact the Canadian Pork Council.
- Scientific Committee report - Review of scientific research on priority issues - July 2012
- Listen to Catherine Scovil presentation at the NFACC conference - October 2013
- NFACC Code development process
- Animal Welfare Research Needs
- Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (CVMA)
- Castration of Piglets – Position Statement
Table of Contents
|Section 1 Housing and Handling Facilities|
|Section 2 Feed and Water|
|Section 3 Animal Health|
|Section 4 Husbandry Practices|
|Section 5 Transportation|
|Section 6 Euthanasia|
|Appendix A - Guidelines for Determining Individual Stall Sizes for Gestating Gilts and Sows|
|Appendix B - Recommended Minimum Floor Space Allowances for Gilts and Sows in Group Housing|
|Appendix C - Floor Space Allowances for Weaned/Nursery Pigs|
|Appendix D - Floor Space Allowances for Grower/Finisher Pigs|
|Appendix E - Recommended Minimum Space Allowances for Boars|
|Appendix F - Feeder Design|
|Appendix G - Water Intake, Recommended Flow Rate and Height of Nipple Drinkers|
|Appendix H - The Six Ss: Simple Criteria for Choosing Enrichment for Pigs|
|Appendix I - Sow Body Condition Scoring System|
|Appendix J - Example of Decision Tree for Euthanasia|
|Appendix K - Pig Vision and Flight Zone|
|Appendix L - “Should this Pig be Loaded?” Decision Tree|
|Appendix M - Temperature - Humidity Index Table|
|Appendix N - Methods of Euthanasia|
|Appendix O - Resources for Further Information|
|Appendix P - Participants|
|Appendix Q - Summary of Code Requirements|